The flavor of Monarda combines well with tropical fruits like pineapple, mango and orange. The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized within it. Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Citrus-flavored leaves, with hints of orange and lemon. Bee Balm is also known by other names such as Horsemint, Wild Bergamot, and Oswego tea. Combines well with mint. It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple and white. Bee Balm Varieties Monarda fistulosa and M. didym a are the varieties most commonly used as medicine by particular Native American tribes, including Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwe, and Winnebago. A tisane made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. These beautiful native perennials can grow several feet tall, and serve valuable nectar to butterflies and hummingbirds. A steam inhalation of the plant is useful for soothing inflamed mucus membranes. Pericarp structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. Botanical Name and Family. [2][4] Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). The plant should be divided every 3 years to keep it tidy. 2004. Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. Other known names of this plant are Monarda, wild bergamot, horsemint, and Oswego tea. It is interesting that the seeds obtaine… Use flowers and leaves in recipes for chicken, turkey, and pork dishes. Use whole flowers to make attractive floating garnishes in punch bowls of sangria, or use them to decorate the rim of a serving platter. js.src = "//"; 2. Legal Status. For potted varieties, plant the crown at soil level. Like other members of the mint family, Bee Balm can become invasive, but you can keep your clump contained by dividing the roots in either spring or fall. Bergamot is another common name for bee balm, but is misleading. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.[7]. Flower color: purple. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. Be sure to allow for good air circulation around the plants to prevent attacks from powdery mildew! \"Oswego tea\" is another common name. Monarda fruit punch is delicious, and the flowers a colourful addition to salads. We are easy to reach and eager to please: (function(d, s, id) { 1. Seed collected from hybrids does not yield plants identical to the parent. In small garden settings, some varieties of bee balm can out-compete less aggressive neighbors, so be careful where you plant them. Here Are Some Better Gift Ideas For Him. What Are The Best Spices To Use In BBQ Rubs. The plants are unrelated but have similar flavors. Plant taxonomy classifies red bee balm plants (alternatively termed \"scarlet\") as Monarda didyma. They can be used in salads, herb butters, or sprinkled over steamed vegetables. Native Americans made use of monarda's essential healing oils, and spotted bee balm … fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); Makes a great gift. Bee balm is a ‘catch all’ term that encompasses several species of flowering herbs from the Monarda genus. It is also known by the common names bergamot, Oswego tea, and crimson beebalm. Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to prevent excessive flatulence. Add the dried leaves to black tea to make your own Earl Grey. Interspecific relationships in the genus, "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. One of the most important things to know about bee balm is that they are vigorous plants. The plants are well known to attract butterflies and bees. The common name “bee balm” derives from the fact that bees love the nectar of the sweet smelling blossoms. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. In 2008 while I was in the Army my brother and I decided to talk to my mother about switching to medical cannabis. The plants are widespread across North America and can be found in moist meadows, hillsides, and forest clearings up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) in elevation. The name “bee balm” is one of the many common names of the Monarda genus. Bee Balm Jelly. U.S. Weed Information; Monarda fistulosa . In dry conditions, Bee Balm is susceptible to powdery mildew. The name "bee balm" may refer to any species in the genus Monarda. Family – Lamiaceae. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Hello, my name is Jacob Bowman. Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. Some varieties can be short-lived perennials, almost annuals really, such as 'Bergamo'. Monarda grows best in full sun but tolerates light shade, and will thrive in any moist soil that is rich in organic matter such as manure, compost, or leaf mold. Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. Bergarnot is native to North America and was used to make an infusion by the Oswego Indians, hence the name ‘Oswego tea’. The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. Externally, bee balm is a wonderful aromatherapy herb. The leaves and flowers of monarda are used for colds, reducing fever, soothing sore throats, headaches, insomnia and menstrual pain. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. It also has antiseptic qualities that fight bacteria, parasites and fungi. Bee balm plants are perennial, coming back year after year to add cheerful color to your garden. "Labiatae". They are prone to developing powdery mildew in high humidity, especially if planted in a place without good air circulation. This often forgotten herb is easy to find fresh, and can be dried for an aromatic and useful bouquet. They are also one of the top rabbit-resistant plants for your garden. Rhode Island. Bee Balm herb is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. The Oswego Indians used it to make a delicious tea and taught settlers coming to America to make it. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Bee balm is the common name of both Monarda didyma, which has red flowers, or Monarda fistulosa, which can have lavender, pink, or white flowers.M. [19] The genera Blephilia and Pycnanthemum are close relatives of Monarda, but they might not be the closest. There are two stamens. It is an effective herbal cure for Headache. Some bees pollinate them, but primarily it is butterflies and humming birds, or humming bird moths. Common names are from state and federal lists. Monarda, commonly called bee balm or bergamot, is also known by the names oswego tea and horsemint. wild bergamot. Plants growing in partial shade spread horizontally and produce fewer flowers. After the Boston Tea Party, it was a very popular beverage. Monarda, called by the common names of bee balm, horsemint and bergamot, is part of the mint family. Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea, Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Monarda didyma Lavender Bee Balm: Monarda fistula Fam: Labiatae (mint family). Monarda petals can taste citrusy or have a peppery quality similar to oregano, depending on variety and where it is grown. The whole plant is valuable for medicinal purposes. Similar plants with lavender flowers are also popular; classified as Monarda fistulosa, they go by the common name \"wild bergamot.\" TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. Bergamot bears a dozen or more tubularshaped flowers clustered in pom-pom shaped whorls atop strong, square stems with pairs of oval, hairy leaves 3 1/4 in. Although somewhat bitter due to the thymol content in the leaves and buds, the plant tastes like a mix of spearmint and peppermint with oregano. The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. M. didyma has red-colored flowers, and contains the highest amounts of essential oils. Bergamot gets its name from the similarity it has in aroma to the bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Coleophora monardae feeds only on Monarda plants, and C. heinrichella and C. monardella only feed on the species M. fistulosa. Bee balm leaves have a very strong flavor and should be dried before use. Boiling can evaporate the oils which produce the flavor. Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Monarda species and their many hybrid varieties come in a stunning range of colors. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. Subordinate Taxa. Monarda blooms in the full sun. Bee Balm is another name for Horsemint. Growing to be about 20-29 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or perennially depending on species. Species. This can be harmful to pregnant women. While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. It is also good for soothing the digestive tract. Use fresh or dried leaves in tomato dishes, and as a substitute for sage in stuffing for poultry and meats, especially pork and veal. didyma and M. fistulosa are two of the most popular species among the seventeen species and over fifty cultivars of the plant.One or more of them are found nearly everywhere in North America (USDA). Monarda is in the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae in the mint family. Bee Balm has also shown some merit as an antiseptic and antibacterial, and a clean cloth can be soaked in a tea and used as a compress, or an ointment can be made to help relieve pain and speed healing for minor wounds, insect stings, and for relief of eczema, psoriasis, cold sores, and clearing up acne. You can stimulate a second flowering in the same year by cutting the flowers right after they bloom. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. Early pilgrims, such as the east coast Shakers and native American Indians, such as the Oneida Indians used the tea to remedy colds and sore throats, and it’s often used in the same way today. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Earl Grey tea is flavored with the rind of citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange. Also complements many fruits, including strawberries, oranges, apples, melons, and tangerines. Botanical Name – Monarda. It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers crowded into dense, globular, terminal flowerheads (to 3-4 across) somewhat resembling unkempt mo… Common Name(s): Beebalm; Bee Balm; Bee-balm; Bergamont; Bergamot; Crimson Bee-balm; Horsemint; Oswego Tea; Scarlet Bee Balm They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. (2 cm) wide. A single cup can be made by pouring one cup of boiling water over 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a tea infuser or strainer. Choose a location in full sun or partial shade with moisture-retentive soil. [3] The genus is endemic to North America. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Bee balm jelly is essentially just bee balm petal tea with sugar and pectin. The scent is similar to the bergamot orange that flavors Earl Grey tea. Ryding, P. O. [8], Monarda plants thrive in sun and moist but well-drained soil. Bee balm is a member of the mint family but has a citrus quality to it. The thymol present in the plant can cause nausea, convulsions, vomit, gastric pain or external rashes. Dried for Tea. Poultices and compresses are used for skin infections or bruises. A perennial favorite native to North America, bee balm (also called wild bergamot) is beloved in flower beds for its beautiful blooms of red, pink, purple or white—not to mention the fragrant foliage. My mother is the genius behind Buzzed Bee Balm and all of our products we have. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Also known as the “bergamot,” the bee balm flowers produce a citrus scent that’s similar to what you might expect when cutting up a bergamot orange. Here’s How to Change Your Diet Step-by-Step, Reasons Behind The Soaring Popularity Of CBD Gummies, Do Men Like Flowers Too? The flavor of Earl Gray tea is often attributed to Monarda, yet, the taste actually originates from the oil of Citrus aurantium bergamia (Bergamot Orange). The fresh leaves can be added to jellies, punch, lemonade or wine to add extra taste. Bergamot can be used in several ways outside of tea. The bee balm plant is a North American native, thriving in woodland areas. They are hermaphroditic, with male and female structures in each flower. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. (8 cm) long and 3/4 in. R… The resplendent flowers range from pink and mauve to a rich, vibrant red in the case of the most popular ‘Cambridge scarlet’ variety. Certainly, the strong, citrusy fragrance emanating from bee balm bears more than a passing resemblance to a steaming cup of Earl Grey, but bergamot oil comes from a citrus fruit, not this cottage garden favorite. The genus is endemic to North America. Dig up the root clump in the early spring, discard the inner, older portion, and re-plant the new divisions 12 to 15 inches apart. DO NOT BOIL THE FLOWERS. [10], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The UK National Collection of Monardas is held at Glyn Bach Gardens at Pont Hywel, Efailwen, near Llandissilio in Pembrokeshire.[18]. Another common name for Monarda didyma is Oswego Tea, which refers to the medicinal use of its leaves by an Amerindian tribe of the same name. These are generally not as robust as wild species. The plant can be used as a cooking herb. Monarda lutea, or horsemint, is especially known for having high levels of thymol. The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them.Monarda bradburiana, ‘Eastern beebalm’This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. This plant has no children. The color range can be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues. Common Name. As the name suggests, their presence will summon bees to your garden, along with other nectar seekers, such as butterflies and hummingbirds. [8] An infusion of crushed, boiled Monarda has been used to treat headache and fever. Oswego Tea can be made as a soothing drink to calm nerves and as a relaxing sleep aid, and is often combined with other well-known relaxation herbs such as Valerian and Chamomile for this purpose. The thymol in bergamot can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric pain, convulsion, or rashes. The Epicentre is about herbs and spices, the spice trade, cooking with spices, recipes and health benefits of spice. Other Names. js = d.createElement(s); = id; The Bee Balm is grown in North America, which is a thriving woodland area. Bee balm lends a bright, wild look to mixed bouquets. The herb contains thymol, which is responsible for many of the plants healing qualities. Scientific Name: Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Monarda didyma Lavender Bee Balm: Monarda fistula Fam: Labiatae (mint family) Image by Mabel Amber from Pixabay [5] The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea. In this case, the skin should not be exposed to sunlight after external use of the oil. Flower color: brilliant scarlet, Lavender Bee Balm: Large and colorful, spicy flowers. Historical. Geographical area where Bee Balm grows. They grow erect to heights of 20–90 cm (8–35 in). Bee Balm Pink Lace | Monarda | Bee Balm Bee Balm, as the name suggests, is bee friendly and will attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. Bee balm has its origin in North America. For bareroot varieties, plant with the old stems pointing up. “We actually had a contest where over 500 people voted,” Ball said. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. To create a mock-Earl Gray tea, steep 2 tablespoons of dried Monarda flowers with a good black tea for 5-7 minutes. Often called bergamot because its citrusy flavor is similar to the bergamot orange, bee balm flowers make a great addition to oil when frying white fish or scallops. Oil of bergamot comes from the bergamot orange and is used to flavor Earl Grey tea. Try placing a handful of fresh leaves in a cloth and positioning it under hot running bath water for a relaxing, lemony scented bath. At the same time her doctor was telling her to seek “alternative” solutions. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; [5][6], The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. It grows from two to four feet tall depending on the variety, and will fit well into your herb garden or can be used for a perennial border planting. //