4. Introduction. Board investigate, collect and disseminate information relating to water, air and pollution, lay down standards of sewage/trade effluent and emissions. Chipko and Appiko movements are related to protect forests. … Projects have a unique position- they can interact closely with stakeholders to identify corporate and project SD issues. Environment and sustainable development 1. According to the Environment Act 1986, “Environment includes, water, air and land and […] (iv) Encroachment into forest lands. Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Chipko and Appiko movements are related to protect forests. (iv) Land Pollution. The priority issues identified in India are: (i) Land degradation (ii) Biodiversity loss (iii) Air pollution with special reference to vehicular pollution in urban cities. (iv) Management of fresh water. Elliott, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. Focus is on education and community outreach. These are the Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics prepared by team of expert teachers. (iii) more frequent tropical storms and (iv) An increased incidence of tropical diseases. What are the measures you or your family and community The entire NCERT textbook questions have been solved by best teachers for you. (i) loss of vegetation occurring due to deforestation. Thus we arrive at sustainable development. ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Contents1 Page 2712 Page 2753 Page 2784 Page 280 Page 271 Question 1. (iv) Environment enhances quality of life. (iv) Check on pollution. (iv) Check on pollution. Environment and Sustainable Development Notes MODULE - 8 Contemporary Economic Issues 106 In the above section you have read about different types of pollution, their sources and effects. (v) Inefficiencies arising from pollution should be corrected. (i) Limiting the human population. The World Commission on Environment and Development (Bruntland Commission) defined sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the need of future generations to meet their own needs" (Bruntland Commission – see World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987). (i) Use of non-conventional sources of energy. (ii) Saving power by switching off unnecessary lights and fans. (iv) Shift to organic farming. (ii) Generation of wastes should remain within the absorption capacity of the environment. (ii) Extinction of species as ecological niches disappear. The term sustainable development is a well-used one and is probably familiar to many within and beyond academia, certainly in the more developed parts of the world. Global warming is caused by man-made increase in carbon dioxide (Co2) and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. Humans depend on a sustainable and healthy environment, and yet we have damaged the environment in numerous ways. Plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Co-ordinate the activities of the State Board and resolve disputes among them; Provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigation and research relating to problems of water and air pollution, and for their prevention, control or abatement; Plan and organise training of persons engaged in programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Organise through mass media, a comprehensive mass awareness programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data relating to water and air pollution and the measures devised for their effective prevention, control or abatement; Prepare manuals, codes and guidelines relating to treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents as well as for stack gas cleaning devices, stacks and ducts; Disseminate information in respect of matters relating to water and air pollution and their prevention and control; Lay down, modify or annul, in consultation with the State Governments concerned, the standards for stream or well, and lay down standards for the quality of air; and. The problem of Ozone depletion is caused by high levels of CFC used as cooling substances in air conditioners and refrigerators or as aerosol propellants and bromofluro-carbons used in fire extinguishers. Carrying capacity implies two things: The major forms of pollution are as follow (i) Air pollution (ii) Water Pollution (iii) Noise Pollution (iv) Land Pollution. It includes all the biotic and abiotic elements that influence each other. (v) Inefficiencies arising from pollution should be corrected. Non-government organization. To download Environment and Sustainable Development class 11 Notes, sample paper for class 11 Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Political Science, Economics, Geography, Computer Science, Home Science, Accountancy, Business Studies and Home Science; do check myCBSEguide app or website. The best app for CBSE students now provides Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school-based annual examinations. (i) Population explosion and advent of industrial revolution. We hope the given CBSE Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 19 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context will help you. Abiotic elements of the environment includes non-living elements like air, water, land, rocks and sunlight etc. In the year 1987, the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) is introduced the term sustainable development in its report our common future (the Brundtland Commission). Environment Sustainable Development Class 11 Notes Chapter 9 Indian Economic Development Concept of Environment Environment may be defined as all those conditions and their effects which influence human life. (i) Air pollution Environment is defined as the total planetary inheritance and the totality of all resources. Chapter 9 – Environment and Sustainable Development. (iii) Air pollution with special reference to vehicular pollution in urban cities. Download revision notes for Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics and score high in exams. According to the report ‘Our common future’ by Ms. Harlem Brundtland, sustainable development is defined as development that satisfies the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to satisfy theirs. Land degradation refers to a decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition, commonly caused by human activities. (iii) Renewable resources should be extracted on a sustainable basis, that is, the rate of A discussion of the meaning of sustainable development, the planner's role, the working process, what tools and practices helped gain and "coproduce" community knowledge, areas of frustration, and lessons learned will seek to contribute to the students' experience with reflective planning practice. (iii) No reduction in the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs. The NCERT solutions for CBSE Class 12 Commerce Accountancy Chapter Environment and Sustainable Development at TopperLearning is detailed and extensive. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air & water pollution, deforestation, etc. If these two conditions are not fulfilled, then environmental crisis occurs. Principles of Sustainable Development All sustainable development programmes must consider the three spheres of sustainability – environment, society and economy – as well as an underlying dimension of culture. The environment is able to perform these functions without any interruption as long as demand on these functions are within its carrying capacity. Environment is defined as the total planetary inheritance and the totality of all resources. Some of the factors responsible for land degradation is Class XI NCERT Economics Text Book Chapter 9 Environment and Sustainable Development is given below. Strategies for Sustainable Development. (v) Recycle the wastes (vi) Public means of transport. All living elements-the birds, animals and plants, forests, fisheries etc. (viii) Establishment of Mini-Hydel plants. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on Sustainable Development and Sustainability for UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc. (v) Recycle the wastes To achieve sustainable development, the following needs to be done: Main features of sustainable development is as under: (i) Sustained rise in Real per Capita Income and Economic welfare. (v) Shifting cultivation. That is, a continuous supply of resource remains available for e.g. (i) Melting of polar ice with a resulting rise in sea level and coastal flooding. If you have any query regarding NCERT Geography Class 12 Notes Chapter 19 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. Non renewable resources are those which get exhausted with extraction and use. Advise the Central Government on any matter concerning prevention and control of water and air pollution and improvement of the quality of air. (ii) Economic development has been accompanied by accelerated depletion of natural resources and rapid deterioration in environment quality. Climate change is part of a broad range of sustainabili… Free PDF download of Class 11 Indian Economic Development Chapter 9 - Environment and Sustainable Development Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Indian Economic Development teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. NCERT Solutions, NCERT Exemplars, Revison Notes, Free Videos, CBSE Papers, MCQ Tests & more. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. (vii) Improper planning and management of irrigation systems. Answer 1 (i) By minimising the water usage and avoiding its wastage. (i) Environment supplies resource (both renewable and nonrenewable resources) for production. Sustainable development is a way for people to use resources without the resources running out. The integration of sustainable development (SD) principles in projects should be linked to the SD mainstreaming efforts of the parent organization. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. In order to address two major environmental concerns in India, viz, water and air pollution, the government set up the central pollution control board (CPCB) in 1974. It means doing development without damaging or affecting the environment. Sample Paper all are made available through the best app for CBSE students and myCBSEguide website. with undesirable or harmful materials like foul gases, smoke, poisonous chemicals, etc. As an intellectual pursuit, sustainable development tries to make sense of the interactions of three complex systems: the world economy, the global society, and the Earth’s physical environment. Renewable resources are those which can be used without the possibility of the resource becoming depleted or exhausted. (i) Sustained rise in Real per Capita Income and Economic welfare. (ii) Economic development has been accompanied by accelerated depletion of natural resources and rapid deterioration in environment quality. (vi) Public means of transport. India’s rapid economic development has made us aware of two realities: (i) Economic development has lifted millions out from poverty. (iii) Renewable resources should be extracted on a sustainable basis, that is, the rate of extraction should not exceed rate of regeneration. Various views on sustainable development strategies are explained in detail. Revision Notes For Class 11 Economics Chapter 9 Environment And Sustainable Development Environment And Sustainable Development is a chapter that is outlined to help students understand the concept of environment and its significance. Non renewable resources are those which get exhausted with extraction and use. (ii) Technological progress should be input efficient and not input consuming. The various reasons for environmental crisis are as under: (i) Population explosion and advent of industrial revolution. (v) Shifting cultivation. (i) Resource extraction should remain below the rate of resource regeneration. Global warming is caused by man-made increase in carbon dioxide (Co2) and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days. (ii) Use of cleaner fuels: LPG, Gobargas in rural areas and CNG in Urban areas. The notes given in the chapter are listed page-wise and unit-wise. In order to address two major environmental concerns in India, viz, water and air pollution, the government set up the central pollution control board (CPCB) in 1974. The environment is able to perform these functions without any interruption as long as demand on these functions are within its carrying capacity. Free PDF Download - Best collection of CBSE topper Notes, Important Questions, Sample papers and NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Economics Environment and Sustainable Development. Understanding the problems requires brief analysis of the main environmental problems on a global scale and their (i) Environment supplies resource (both renewable and nonrenewable resources) for production. India’s rapid economic development has made us aware of two realities: This section introduces other issues including biodiversity, climate change, animal and nature conservation, population, genetically modified food, sustainable development, and more. (ii) The intensive and extensive extraction of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. (vii) Traditional knowledge and practices. (iv) Encroachment into forest lands. Think of different kinds of pollution which affect you and your family and make a list of them. 2. Renewable resources are those which can be used without the possibility of the resource becoming depleted or exhausted. extraction should not exceed rate of regeneration. Board investigate, collect and disseminate information relating to water, air and pollution, lay down standards of sewage/trade effluent and emissions. (iv) For non-renewable resources, rate of depletion should not exceed the rate of creation of renewable substitutes. (iii) Avoiding wastage of food by consuming […] (ix) Poverty of the agriculture-dependent people. (x) Non-adoption of adequate soil conservation measures. Since sustainable development addresses the local contexts of these three spheres, it will take many forms around the world. © 2020 myCBSEguide | CBSE Papers & NCERT Solutions, Rural Development Class 12 Notes Economics, Inflation Problem and Policies Class 12 Notes Economics, Employment : Growth, Informalisation and other Issues class 12 Notes Economics, Indian Economy 1950-1990 Class 12 Notes Economics, Human Capital Formation in India class 12 Notes Economics, Economic Reform Since 1991 class 12 Notes Economics, Free Online Test Series for CBSE Students, Case Study based Questions Class 10 Mathematics, CBSE Class 10 English Sample Paper 2020-21, How to add Subjective Questions in Online Tests, The Best Mobile App for CBSE and NCERT Syllabus. For example, fossil fuel. After studying this chapter, the learners will understand the concept of environment analyse the causes and effects of ‘environmental degradation’ and ‘resource depletion’ Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics in PDF format for free. Absorptive capacity of the environment means the ability of the environment to absorb degradation. Sustainable development is that process of development which meets the needs of present generation without reducing the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. Environment, Development and Sustainability is an international, multidisciplinary journal covering all aspects of the environmental impacts of socio-economic development. What changes can you make in your habits to become more environment friendly? (iii) Environment sustains life. (ii) Rational use of natural resources. (vii) Traditional knowledge and practices. (iii) No reduction in the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs. (ii) Forest fires and over grazing. You will also learn about the concept and need for sustainable development and its strategies. This e-book is presented in the form of slideshow. (ii) The intensive and extensive extraction of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. Abiotic elements of the environment includes non-living elements like air, water, land, rocks and sunlight etc. (iii) The affluent consumption and production standards of developed countries. The major forms of pollution are as follow WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? Some of the long term results of global warming are as follow: You will understand the concept of environment, the cause and effect of environmental degradation, the global environmental issues of global warming and ozone depletion. CBSE class 12 Geography Planning and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Geography in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. (vi) Indiscriminate use of agrochemical such as fertilizers and pesticides. (i) Use of non-conventional sources of energy. But what if it comes at the cost of environmental degradation? development is the “ultimate goal of the Man-environment relationship”; thus, the whole educational process should be “reshaped for sustainable development.” In view of the extreme importance of their educational impact, such statements need to be discussed. This is the #6 guest post by Dr. Anoob Razak, on Environment : Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change. The threat to India’s environment poses a dichotomy-threat of poverty induced environmental degradation and, at the same time, threat of pollution from affluence and rapidly growing industrial sector. NIOS is providing a number of Vocational, Life Enrichment and community oriented courses besides … Perform such other function as may be prescribed by the Government of India. Some of the long term results of global warming are as follow: (i) Melting of polar ice with a resulting rise in sea level and coastal flooding. (vi) Indiscriminate use of agrochemical such as fertilizers and pesticides. Ozone depletion refers to reduction in the amount of Ozone (a protective layer) in the stratosphere. Ozone depletion refers to reduction in the amount of Ozone (a protective layer) in the stratosphere. Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising on the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. Two basic problems related to environment are That is, a continuous supply of resource remains available for e.g. (ii) Water Pollution Land degradation refers to a decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition, commonly caused by human activities. Sustainable development is that process of development which meets the needs of present generation without reducing the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. This would imply a relationship of alignment. Plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Co-ordinate the activities of the State Board and resolve disputes among them; Provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigation and research relating to problems of water and air pollution, and for their prevention, control or abatement; Plan and organise training of persons engaged in programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Organise through mass media, a comprehensive mass awareness programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data relating to water and air pollution and the measures devised for their effective prevention, control or abatement; Prepare manuals, codes and guidelines relating to treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents as well as for stack gas cleaning devices, stacks and ducts; Disseminate information in respect of matters relating to water and air pollution and their prevention and control; Lay down, modify or annul, in consultation with the State Governments concerned, the standards for stream or well, and lay down standards for the quality of air; and. Revision Notes Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth’s lower atmosphere. (iii) Noise Pollution For example, fossil fuel. (i) Problem of pollution. (ii) Extinction of species as ecological niches disappear. The threat to India’s environment poses a dichotomy-threat of poverty-induced environmental degradation and, at the same time, threat of pollution from affluence and rapidly growing industrial sector. To which conception of environment, of education and of sustainable development Functions of the Environment Chapter - 9 In depth analysis of local sustainability issues. (v) Solid waste management. This report, published in 1987 by the United Nations World Commission o… Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising the quality of the environment for future generations. 3. (ii) Use of cleaner fuels: LPG, Gobargas in rural areas and CNG in Urban areas. This presentation covers International efforts in … (ii) Problem of excessive exploitation of natural resources. Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth’s lower atmosphere. Perform such other function as may be prescribed by the Government of India. The priority issues identified in India are: (v) Solid waste management. (iii) Use of Solar energy and wind power. Absorptive capacity of the environment means the ability of the environment to absorb degradation. (ii) Generation of wastes should remain within the absorption capacity of the environment. The project's temporary organization, operating as a smaller system in the parent organization, is an object of corporate SD mainstreaming as well as a subject of its own SD strategizing. Check our environment archives for previous presentations by him, related to this topic. with undesirable or harmful materials like foul gases, smoke, poisonous chemicals, etc. Functions of the Central Board at the National Level. If these two conditions are not fulfilled, then environmental crisis occurs. (ix) Poverty of the agriculture-dependent people. (iv) An increased incidence of tropical diseases. The biophysical environment is the combined modeling of the physical environment and the biological life forms within the environment, and includes all variables, parameters as well as conditions and modes inside the Earth's biosphere. Advise the Central Government on any matter concerning prevention and control of water and air pollution and improvement of the quality of air. As a result of depletion of the ozone layer, more ultra violet (UV) radiation comes to earth causing damage to living organism. (i) loss of vegetation occurring due to deforestation. (ii) Problem of excessive exploitation of natural resources. The term used by the Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present and also compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." (i) Land degradation tress in forest and the fish in the oceans. tress in forest and the fish in the oceans. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. (iii) more frequent tropical storms and Achieving economic development is vital to a country. (ii) Environment assimilates waste, It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security issues. Free PDF download of Class 12 Indian Economic Development Chapter 9 - Environment and Sustainable Development Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Indian Economic Development teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. Such comprehensive notes help students in understanding the subject and scoring better in the exams. Air pollution, water contamination, soil erosion, deforestation and wildlife extinction is some of the most pressing environmental concerns of India. The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) formerly known as National Open School (NOS) was established in November 1989 as an autonomous organization in pursuance of National Policy on Education 1986 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. Explanations of global security issues have been solved by best teachers for you: Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate.! The earth ’ s lower atmosphere ( vii ) Improper Planning and management of irrigation systems and input! The fish in the ability of the environment means the ability of the most pressing concerns. Soil, water, land, rocks and sunlight etc includes all the and... 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